Mendel, an Austrian monk, is considered the Father of Genetics.
in 1865, Mendel cared for the monastery’s garden where
he grew hundreds of pea plants. He was curious why some of
the plants had
different physical characteristics or traits.
pea plants grew tall while others were short. Mendel
decided to cross plants with opposite forms of a trait.
For example, tall plants and short plants.
the right is an
illustration of his results.
growing and experiementing with thousands of pea plants he
discovered why tall pea plants do not always produce tall
discovered how genes determine traits. He figured out that
traits are dominant while others are recessive. He figured
out that genes come in pairs. Therfore, two alleles make
passing on of traits from parents to offspring is called heredity.
For all these reasons he is considered the "Father of Genetics"